عنوان مقاله [English]
UAVs or unmanned aerial vehicle, besides being used in its main missions, can be used in different categories such as reconnaissance, intelligence, espionage, guidance of smart weapons toward target and direct attack against targets. The defense organizations including Air Force, requires combat and defense readiness on the basis of probable future wars and incidents, and in order to enhance their operational capabilities, they must have a better cognition of how to use UAVs properly. The researcher in order to present a comprehensive pattern for an optimal usage of UAVs in empowerment of defense organization operations, performed this study on the basis of field and documentation by taking advantage of descriptive, case-field methods and referring to authorities and experts pertain to UAVs in the Air Force and General Staff of Army as statistic sample. A purposeful sampling had been chosen and they were given questionnaires. Upon receiving the data, the study findings had been analyzed by analytical exploratory factor method. The results of this study showed that the defense organizations ( such as Air Force) in order to use UAVs to enhance operational capabilities must pay a special attention to the four components: missions (Strategic, operational and tactical), knowing the air threat (intensity, nature and type), capabilities and functions (effective operation, maintenance, and subsystems), ground and aerospace support (smart and integral command and control, equipment and necessary infrastructure and a secure supply chain).